Career In Electrical Engineers | Scope for electrical engineering
Introduction- Electrical engineering
What is Electrical Engineering– Electrical Engineering is that branch of Engineering which deals with the study of application of electricity, electronics and electromagnetism. The term electrical engineering often includes electronics engineering. Electrical engineering is the design, building and maintenance of electrical control systems, machinery and equipment. Some electrical engineering concerns are also found in mechanical and civil engineering. The scope for Electrical engineering is so wide.
Who are Electrical Engineers ? – Electrical engineers design electric circuits and equipment. They work on large power plants as well in small hardware companies which includes designing, manufacturing and operating power plants, industrial machinery, electrical motors, computer chips and ignition systems for automobiles, aircrafts, space crafts and all kinds of engines. Electrical engineers mainly focus on large-scale production and distribution of electrical power
Electrical engineers work in transport networks, lighting, heating, ventilation, lift systems, power generation and distribution, renewable energy, manufacturing and construction. You will elaborate project plans, estimate project timescales and costs, manage the work of technicians and craftspeople, test installations, analyse data and ensure that health and safety regulations are met.
Electrical engineers generally need a bachelor’s degree and essential skills to do their jobs well. Most electrical engineers hold either a Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering or a Bachelor of Engineering majoring in electrical engineering. Some also need licenses, especially if they want to advance to higher-level position. Mathematics is essential to do electrical engineering at university. Many universities will also ask candidates to have done further or advanced mathematics. In addition, universities will want you to have done physics or chemistry or a technology subject.
Undergraduate programs typically include classroom and laboratory components, and the most common majors for electrical engineers are:
- Electrical engineering: This degree program prepares students with the fundamentals of electrical engineering and helps them develop a strong technical foundation. Students can expect to master critical thinking and problem-solving skills as they complete courses on electronic design, power system design, communication systems and electromagnetics.
- Electronics engineering: Students who pursue this major can expect to gain a foundation in the theory and concepts of electronics engineering. Coursework generally includes topics like computer programming, network analysis, advanced math and microprocessor applications.
- Electronic engineering technology: This major typically offers extensive experience with application and helps students develop design, testing and troubleshooting skills. Classes usually include physics, chemistry, engineering, electronic design, communication technology, power generation and circuit building.
- TRAINING– Many aspiring electrical engineers receive professional training during their cooperative programs, which allows candidates to gain practical experience working for local companies. Some electrical engineers train through internships while completing a bachelor’s or master’s degree. Others receive on-the-job training to learn their employers’ policies, procedures and workflows.
Responsibilities of electrical engineer
- Designing, maintaining, implementing, or improving electrical instruments, facilities, components, equipment products, or systems for industrial, commercial or domestic purposes.
- Performing a wide range of engineering tasks by operating computer-assisted design or engineering software and equipment.
- Conferring with customers, engineers, and others to discuss existing or potential engineering products or projects.
- Ensuring that installation and operations conform to standards and customer requirements by preparing electrical systems specifications, technical drawings or topographical maps.
- Establishing construction, manufacturing or installation standards or specifications by performing a wide range of detailed calculations.
- Ensuring compliance with specifications, codes, or customer requirements by directing or coordinating installation, manufacturing, construction, maintenance, documentation, support or testing activities.
- Writing reports and compiling data regarding existing and potential electrical engineering projects and studies.
- Preparing specifications for purchases of electrical equipment and materials.
- Supervising or training project team members.
- Estimating material, labor, or construction costs for budget preparation.
- Maintaining electrical equipment.
- Working with a variety of technicians.
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The skills required by the electrical engineers are as follows:
- Problem solving skills
- Critical thinking skills
- Basic circuit knowledge
- Enthusiam for learning
- Numerical skills
- Programming skills
- Creative thinking skills
- Work ethnic
- Organisational skills
- Communication skills
Amount of salary expected
Most electrical engineers have full-time jobs. Their experience level and licensure can impact their earning potential. The average salary for an Freshers Electrical Engineer is Rupees 3.5 LPA . average total compensation of ₹3,66,700, per month while a Senior Electrical Engineer with 10-20 years of experience
Although employers do not require licenses for entry-level electrical engineers, many listings for advanced positions look for engineers to have a professional license before supervising others or offering services to the public. Each state’s engineering boards issues its own licenses, which typically require you to do the following:
- Earn a bachelor’s degree from an engineering program accredited by the ABET.
- Pass the National Society of Professional Engineer’s (NSPE) Fundamentals of Engineering exam, which electrical engineers can do immediately after earning a bachelor’s degree.
- Gain at least four years of relevant work experience.
- Pass the Professional Engineering exam, administered by the NSPE.
- Complete required continuing education credits to maintain a current license.